Diabetes in Salford

Diabetes is a long-term health condition that can have serious consequences if it's not managed and treated properly. Over 12 000 people in Salford have it, could you?

What is diabetes?

When your body breaks down carbohydrates, found in starchy foods, some milk, dairy, sugary foods, and fruit, it's turned into glucose. Your body produces insulin, a hormone that allows your body to turn glucose into energy.

Diabetes is when your body doesn't have the insulin it needs to allow glucose to be turned into the energy. This is due to one of two reasons, depending on the type of diabetes you have, type 1 or type 2.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is when your body no longer makes insulin itself, meaning it struggles to turn the glucose in your blood into energy.

Only about 10% of people with diabetes have type 1. It can develop at any age but usually does before the age of 40. Type 1 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes in children.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is when the body can't produce enough insulin or the insulin doesn't work properly for the body to use glucose for energy.

This is the most common form of diabetes, with around 85% of all people with diabetes being type 2. It is often associated with being overweight. Type 2 tends to occur over the age of 40 for most, though it often develops in South Asian people from age 25.

Around 80% of cases of type 2 diabetes could be delayed or prevented by making lifestyle changes to stay healthy and reduce your risk.

If left untreated

Diabetes can lead to a number of complications and serious health conditions if it's not diagnosed and treated properly.

It's a common cause of sight problems and blindness and can also be responsible for kidney failure and lower limb amputations. It can also increase your chances of heart disease and stroke by up to 5 times.

Can diabetes be cured?

Currently there is no cure for diabetes once you have developed it.

However, having diabetes doesn't mean you can't lead a normal life. Although it is a serious condition, as long it you manage it properly you can still do most of the things you enjoy.