Heart disease in Salford

In 2014, over 200 people in Salford aged under 75 died of cardiovascular problems.

Cardiovascular disease is a killer but if you make the right changes you can reduce your risk and avoid conditions like stroke and heart attacks.

What is cardiovascular disease?

Cardiovascular disease (CVD), also known as heart disease, refers to a number of diseases and conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels in the body.

It's usually caused when the heart can't pump blood around the body properly, either because the heart isn't working as it should or because blood vessels have become blocked, damaged or narrowed.

Below are the four main conditions related to Cardiovascular Disease.

Coronary heart disease

Like all muscles your heart needs oxygen-rich blood to keep pumping blood round the rest of body. The heart is supplied by two large blood vessels called your coronary arteries.

Coronary heart disease is when blood flow through your coronary arteries becomes blocked or reduced, usually caused by the buildup of fatty deposits on the inside of these blood vessels.

As these fatty deposits build and restrict blood flow even more they can cause chest pain, or Angina. If they block the artery completely they can cause a heart attack.

Stroke

A Stroke happens when bloodflow to the brain is blocked; starving it of oxygen and damaging brain cells. If fatty deposits begin to build up in your arteries, bits can break off and cause a blood clot inside the brain.

Strokes can also happen when weak blood vessels inside the brain burst; leaking blood into the brain tissue and damaging cells around it.

Peripheral arterial disease

Peripheral arterial disease, also called peripheral vascular disease, happens when fatty buildups inside your arteries begin to block the blood flow to your legs.

It's a common condition and though many people don't have any symptoms it can cause pain in the legs and feet; anything from a slight ache to serious and lasting pain.

Abdominal aortic disease

The aorta is the largest blood vessel and carries blood down the middle of your body (your abdomen) to the other parts of your body.

Abdominal aortic disease happens when the aorta becomes damaged or doesn't work properly. The most common form is an aortic aneurysm, where the walls of the aorta bulge and weaken. If this bursts it can be life threatening.